Dental Caries

in Tooth
Dental caries is widely known as tooth decay. These occur when there is a disintegration of the enamel which is caused by bacterial infection. If left untreated, these dental caries develop tiny holes in the teeth.
Tooth decay mostly happens because of a poor dental hygiene as well as a poor diet. Through digestion of the food which contains sugars and starch, the bacteria present in the mouth starts breaking down the carbohydrates of the food into acid. This acid eventually combines with the bacteria and food debris which produces the plaque. The plaque then covers the surface of the teeth, wearing down the enamel. It will take at least two years for the enamel to disintegrate.
After the enamel gets worn out, cavities start to form. This gives plaque easy access to the dentin, which is a soft tissue layer of the tooth. Because it is a soft material that supports the enamel, the tooth begins to decay fast. The bacteria and plaque eventually penetrate the pulp—which is composed of the soft tissue, nerves and blood vessels—or the center of the tooth. Once the nerves are infected by the bacteria and plaque, you experience unbearable pain in the tooth.
Tooth decay usually happens in the molars and premolars at the back of the mouth. The shape of your molars makes it easier for food debris to accumulate there, allowing plaque and dental cavities to form. Even if you brush your teeth regularly, the toothbrush cannot fully reach the molars and clean them so as to get rid of the food debris. On one hand, permanent teeth may delay tooth decay but not for long, so if you experience intense pain in your teeth, you should visit a dentist Memphis immediately.
To treat tooth decay, a dentist memphis, tennessee may prescribe fluoride which can restore the enamel. This treatment comes in the form of a gel or varnish which is applied onto your teeth. The fluoride also helps remove bacteria and plaque from the mouth.
However, if the case the tooth decay has progressed further, then the dentist memphis, tn will have to put fillings on the affected area. The decayed part is removed with a drill and the gap is filled with a variety of materials such as composite resin, porcelain and silver amalgam.
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Doris Pender has 12 articles online

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Dental Caries

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This article was published on 2011/07/20